A unique heritage in Champagne…
Cadoles are dry-stone vineyard lodges found locally only in the south-east of Champagne, around the villages of Les Riceys, Gyé-sur-Seine and Courteron. Where their source material, the Jurassic “Burgundian” flat stone, exists in abundance. The cadoles are distinguished by their vaults formed of superimposed flat stones, positioned in a corbelled manner. Their entrance is often narrow. They thus have an igloo shape, which helps to maintain a certain thermal neutrality in the room (cool in summer and temperate in winter). Probably built in large numbers, there are still about 150 of them in the Côte des Bar, unfortunately many are in ruins. They can be found on the high ground, on the hillsides and on the plateaus. They are often accompanied by “murgers” (dry stone walls, which can sometimes reach surprising dimensions) and protective windbreakers. The oldest could date back to the 18th century. These shelters show a variety of detailed shapes, especially their roofing, which can be cone-shaped, dome-shaped, in some cases in the shape of a Chinese hat, an inverted bell or even that of a sugar loaf. Some types can be very localised: overhanging roofs between Courteron and Gyé-sur-Seine, very few domed roofs very rarely in Les Riceys.
… to shelter the winegrowers
These constructions and their accompanying facilities bear witness to the time when man gained space over nature. The cadoles are more or less occasional shelters for breaking bread, resting, spending the night if necessary, and storing some tools. They served as a protective cocoon for workers or passers-by. Nowadays, most of them are in the undergrowth and are sometimes not easily accessible. Vines have decreased significantly today and since the end of the 19th century: phylloxera around 1895, the wine crisis at the beginning of the 20th century, the First World War… Vineyards were halved, then further reduced until the gradual recovery of the Thirty Glorious Years. These constructions, built without any supports, formworks or brackets, bear witness to the intelligence, the understanding of the use of local stone, the imagination, the skill, the know-how and the human genius. As such, they deserve recognition and protection. To find out more, you can consult the inventory of cadoles carried out by the Unescomission with the aim of restoring and preserving this heritage.
Discover the cadoles!
On foot or by bike, sporty or curious, alone or with others, discover the cadoles in a superb natural setting! Discover the cadoles trails and the different events that will take you through the green landscapes of the Côte des Bar…
Use the marked trails
Put on your walking shoes or get on your mountain bike (electric assistance is welcome!) and follow the trails of Courteron (9.5km) and Les Riceys (25.3km). These two walking routes will help you discover the winegrowing panoramas of the southern Champagne region. You will come face to face with the cadoles, often hidden under the moss that is gaining ground. Choose your path and discover the cadoles proudly standing along your way.
MTB Cadoles Rally (June)
By mountain bike, cross the forest and vineyards and go from cadole to cadole on a route of varying length (from 20km to 80km) suited to everyone. Treat yourself to a breath of fresh air in the middle of nature and discover the Côte des Bar and its unique panorama. The rally is now accessible to electrically assisted bikes.
The Cadoles Trail (October)
This trail offers 3 courses of varying difficulty: 30km (840mD), 15km (490mD+) and 8km (270mD+). Participants will discover the nature of the Champagne region in the middle of autumn with stretches in the forest and on the slopes of the Champagne vineyards.